There are schools that require an applicant to submit a Statement of Purpose instead of a PS, the thrust of which is to present an applicant's goals in terms of what major to pursue, what research direction to take, and other specific study and career plans, if any. Therefore, in this case, you are required to submit a similar essay but with greater emphasis on your specific study and career plans. Most applicants are confused with the difference between a PS and a Statement of Purpose. This is not to say, however, that a PS cannot be a Statement of Purpose and vice versa, because as you will discover in the next section, these two can actually overlap depending on the outline you have created.
There are two types of Personal Statement. General and comprehensive statement is often prepared for standard medical or law schools. It gives you liberty to write whatever could expose you the best. Example, tell us about yourself and your goals or why do you want to do this course? The second type asks for the response to either specific or multiple questions. These are mostly prepared by the applicant applying to business, teaching, graduate schools/ organizations/agencies. It gives you less freedom, but still important to be thoughtful and persuasive. Example, tell us about a personal quality, talent, accomplishment, contribution or experience that is important to you and how does it relate to the person you are? Remember, personal statement is not like an ordinary college essay. It is the most formal document to be written by self. If you're determined to write a personal statement, then you need to be skilful in good grammar, strong vocabulary, sentence formation, paragraph formation, editing and summarizing skills, to write an effective piece.