The goal of a PS is to present useful information, thus all or just a little of the information listed below should typically be included in a PS: _ A brief educational background; _ The reasons for choosing your major, what interests you about your chosen subject, and the details of what you have read about the subject; _ The career plans you have laid out upon completion of the program; _ Employment experience, voluntary work done, particularly if it is relevant to the subject, and the skills and experiences gained from these activities; _ Any involvement in enrichment activities such as special trainings or "camps", and _ Extracurricular activities, social, sports, or leisure interests. To further aid you in the task of identifying important information for inclusion, consider the following:
2. Make excuses _ Lots of applicants have weaknesses in their application files, especially in their transcripts. Maybe you got low grades your freshman year. Maybe you had to leave school and work for a while. Maybe you got an F in that statistics class and had to retake it. Or maybe you got a degree in one field and are applying to grad school in a different field; or you didn't pass your medical residency exams the first time. Whatever your weakness is, do not offer excuses and do not bad_mouth anyone. So it wasn't your fault that the professor lost your final exam and flunked you, or jobs dried up in your original field of study, or you had the flu when you took the GRE. Don't say anything that sounds like an excuse or sounds like you are blaming someone else for you failing to achieve a goal. Even when it is true, it may make you seem whiny and unable to accept responsibility for your actions. Instead, address the weakness at the end of your statement, and explain how you have overcome it, learned from it, and are a better candidate now because of it.